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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management
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Measures Taken and Efforts made by DISH, Gujarat State, L & E Dept. Govt. of Gujarat for Improvement in Industrial Safety, Health and Disaster Management

Identification of hazardous chemical factories

Gujarat is the only state where in all registered chemical factories have been identified and categorized in various hazard classes, by Directorate Industrial Safety and Health. Considering their hazard potential. Major Accident Hazard (MAH) factories are identified as per standard norms of related law. Gujarat state is having highest total 497 MAH Class factories which amounts 30 % of MAH factories in India. Chemical factories having off site hazard but do not fall within MAH criteria are identified as ‘A’ class hazardous factories. At present there are 858 ‘A’ class factories in Gujarat state. Chemical factories having only onsite hazard like fire or toxicity are classified as ‘B’ class hazardous factories. Also chemical factories having minor hazard potential due to chemicals are classified and identified as ‘C’ class hazardous factories. At present in Gujarat state, 3204 ‘B’ +’C’ class hazardous chemical factories are identified. Gujarat is having total 30310 factories registered under the Factories Act ( employing directly 940567 Workers ) out of which total 4559 (15%) are hazardous chemical factories.

Thus due care is taken for the most vital requirement of monitoring Hazardous Chemical factories for implementation regarding safety and health provisions of the Factories Act and Rules there under.

Special inspection norms for hazardous chemical factories

In order to assure safe working of hazardous chemical factories, through proper monitoring, special norms for uninspected are fixed so that hazardous chemical factories may not be left unattended. All ‘MAH’ factories are inspected thrice in a Year, twice by concerned inspecting officer (once in Six months) and once under supervision and guidance of Jt. Director of the region (Regional Head). All ‘A’ Class hazardous chemical factories are inspected twice in year- once in each Six months, by concerned officer. All ‘B’ and ‘C’ class hazardous chemical factories are inspected at least once in a year.  Also Assistant Director Industrial Safety & Health-Chemical (Chemical Inspector of Factories) inspects selected factories to provide expert guidance. The hazardous chemical factories are excluded from self-certification scheme as far as safety is concerned so that such industries do not remain uninspected and unattended.

Also in order to have highest standard of implementation of safety laws in all registered factories, new norms for inspection is now in force, according to which around 75 % inspections are required to be carried out only for safety.

Accident prevention by better implementation of safety laws

Accident reduction is the prime target of Directorate Industrial Safety & Health: Highest stress is given for better safety in industries. Alongwith enforcement of the Factories Act and rules thereunder, constant attempts are made to create better awareness for safety amongst factory managements and workers. Due to efforts put in, nonfatal accidents in industries have constantly reduced. As per the statistics of no. of registered factories and no. of nonfatal accidents during decade of 1995 to 2005, registered factories is increased gradually by 35 %, where as no. of nonfatal reportable accidents in industries have reduced gradually by 52% as shown in following graph.

   

Inspection of plant and machinery by out side expert agency

To ensure the safety of the worker working in the factories and the public living in the vicinity, it is required to ensure that factory structure is maintained in safe and stable condition. and all pressure vessels, plants, lifting machines and dangerous machines are maintained in safe condition. For this purpose, it is required to examine and test building, plant and such machines by well qualified, experienced competent persons. Such competent persons which are an outside agencies , have been declared after examining their competencies, by certificates after examination and testing of  
Director Industrial Safety and Health under the Gujarat Factories Rules. These competent persons issue certifications, for building and plants stabilities, dangerous machines, pressure vessels and plants, hoists and lifts, lifting machines, ventilation system and confined space of ship in ship breaking industries. Relevant certificates are issued by such competent persons, after due testing as per legal and technical standards. Numbers of competent persons declared by Director Industrial Safety & Health, under various provisions are as follows.

Competency of testing and certification for No. of competent persons declared
Hoist and lifts
102

Lifting machines

144

Pressure plant

136

Dangerous machines

029

Dangerous fumes

035

Stability certificate of plant and building

055

Ventilation System

007

Total competent pesons declared in 05-06
514


Disaster management and public awareness for safety & health

There are 25 districts in Gujarat state. As required by Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and response) Rules, 1996, a three tire disaster management mechanism is set up. For this State Crisis Group is set up at state level. District Crisis Groups are set up at all the 25 districts under the chairmanship of District Collectors. Also considering the industrial hazard potential, different hazard prone pockets are identified in each district and Local Crisis Groups are setup for all such local area pockets.

Only of 25 Districts , 22 districts have Major Accident Hazard (MAH) factories and remaining 3 districts have no MAH factories. Off-Site Emergency Plans are prepared for all Districts. Off Site Emergency Plans are rehearsed every year in the 22 districts having MAH factories. Such Off-Site Emergency Plans are updated every year.

There are 497 MAH factories in the State. All ‘MAH’ units in the state have prepared On-Site Emergency Plans. All  MAH units carry out rehearsals of these on-site emergency plans and their emergency plans are updated regularly. Training programs are also arranged for supervisors and workers in MAH factories and other hazardous chemical factories.

Appointment of Safety Officer is made compulsory for MAH units employing 100 or more workers by notification no. KHR/2003/57/FAC/2003/M (3) dated 28th May 2004. Safety officers are the nodal officers between govt. and factory management and also important tool for better implementation regarding safety and health. Hence due to this amendment, safety officers are being employed by concerned MAH

Government has spent of Rs. 30, 90,000 in the year 2005 - 06 to arrange for creating supportive infrastructure facilities and various types of training to industrial workers, and to impart knowledge of modern technology for safety & health for the following purposes

• Prevention of accidents in chemical and other industries
• Increase awareness among the public, the occupiers of the factories, and the workers
• Utilization of modern I T technology for safety and health
• Providing vehicle on rent to Inspector to reach immediately at the place of accident   Purchasing equipments required for better implementation of safety laws.

Encouraging efforts by State Govt. to recognise more institutes to run specialized training courses

State Govt. has always put in efforts to promote institutes and large industries to start recognized specialized training courses, as is required for safety officers, factory medical officers and supervisors. Due to such efforts at many places in Gujarat various educational training courses are now running. The details of Diploma in Industrial Safety Course, Qualified Supervisor Course, and Master of Industrial Hygiene Course being conducted at present is as under

Name of Institute/Unit

Type of Course

No. of Seats

Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute, Ahmedabad

1 year full time DIS Course

60

Gujarat Safety Council

Baroda

2 year part time DIS Course

25

Gujarat Narmada Fertiliser Corporation, Bharuch

2 year part time DIS Course

25

Ankleshwar Environmental Preservation Society,

Ankleshwar, Bharuch

2 year part time DIS Course

50

Reliance Industries Ltd.

Hzira, Surat

2 year part time DIS Course

25

Vapi Industrial Association

Vapi

2 year part time DIS Course

25

Reliance Industries Ltd.

Jamnagar

2 year part time DIS Course

25

Course  for Qualified Supervisors as required under GFR 68S, FA Sec 41C(b)

Reliance Industries Ltd.

Jamnagar

As approved by DGFSALI

30

Master of Industrial Hygiene and Safety  as per Sec 40(B) of Factories Act

B.V.M Engineering College Vallabh Vidyanagar

2 Year fulltime, only courses in India in collaboration with Cincinnati Uni. U.S.A.

15



Certificate Course for Doctors

The course was conducted to enable the doctors-
To identify and manage the industrial injuries caused by chemical toxication, in general and in
   hazardous process industries in particular.
To suggest measures about prevention and control of such occupational health problems.
To advise, supervise and participate in the national occupational health programmes for the
   protection of industrial workers, for improving national productivity and national prosperity.
This three-months course "Certificate Course for Doctors in Industrial Heath" (as per requirement
   of provisions in the Factories Act, 1948 & Rules made there under) has been made possible with
   active support and cooperation of coordinating institutes, namely National Institute of    Occupational Health, Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute Ahmedabad and Industrial Hygiene
   Laboratory i.e. Director Industrial Safety & Health .
Till now 61 Doctors have been awarded the certificate in this course.


Projects for specific problems of Occupational Health


Safety and health of the industrial workers is prime requirement in the present scenario of industrial development. Medical camps and surveys have been arranged with the help of National Institute of  Occupational Health, Ahmedabad for workers working in the asbestoses and salt industries.
• To safe guard the health of home-based workers doing grinding of Akik at khambhat, the present design of machinery for dust collection is modified with the help of N.I.O.H. It has increased efficiency of machines and reduced the dust exposure considerably.
The workers engaged in Akik industries have been given safety equipments like goggles, earmuffs, dust masks, etc. free of cost to maintain safety standard. All Working quartz crushing industries in GODHARA have installed dust collection systems now.
Government has allotted of Rs. 40,000,00 to N.I.O.H. for carrying out surveys regarding occupational diseases in the  industrial workers. The work is in progress.

Implementation of Shram Awards Scheme of Govt. of Gujarat

Initially, Wide Labour and Employment notification dated 4-2-84, State of Gujarat has introduced a scheme to encourage & recognise innovative work done by industrial workman in the field of production, productivity, Industrial peace, presence of mind, & steps taken by the workman to save the life and limbs of fellow workers & property of the public at large , of the affected area in the event of any calamity/emergency and also any special work done for the welfare of worker. The scheme was implemented by Factory Wing of Labour & Employment Dept. Initially Rs. 1,83,000 were available for Shram Award scheme for 16 awards for every year. The scheme is revised in 2005.

The revised scheme for Shram Awards of Gujarat State is as follow



Name of State Shram Award

Cash Prize of each Award Rs.

No. of Award

Total cash prize Rs.

“Rajya Shram Ratna”

25,000

4

1,00,000

“Rajya Shram Bhushan”

15,000

4

60,000

“Rajya Shram Vir”

10,000

4

40,000

“Rajya Shram Shri/Shram Devi”

5000

4

20,000

 

Total

16

2,20,000


The total price of Sharm Awards is raised to Rs.2,20,000 by notification no: shram/2004/4061/M(3) dated 25th April 2005 Provision is also made to give memento of upto Rs. 20,000 to award winners.

Safety of Construction workers

The implementation of 'Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996' and rules made their under is enthrusted to The Directorate Industrial Safety & Health. Gujarat is the only state where in The Directorate Industrial Safety & Health is the implementing authority under the Act. Where as in other states labour wing of labour department is the implementing authority under this Act.
The implementation of the Act is started from June 2005.

Organizing of safety conference and safety seminars

Industrial development in the Gujarat State is more than any other State of the country. In order to improve safety standards in factories, training of owners, management personnels, technicians, supervisors and workers is most essential. Throughout the year many safety programs, workshops and seminars are arranged in different factories and industrial pockets.

Over and above, every year 4th march is celebrated as "National Safety Day" and a week starting from this date is celebrated as safety week. During this period number of safety programs, safety workshops, competition related to safety, like safety slogans, poem,
essays, paintings, etc. are arranged in various factories and industrial pockets throughout the state. Officers of Directorate Industrial Safety & Health initiate, motivate and monitor all the activities mentioned above.

State level safety conference is organised every year in coordination with Gujarat Safety Council http://www.gscgujarat.com In this conference, occupiers and managerial staffs, safety officers, supervisors and workers representatives participate and are benefited by this conference.

Special seminars and workshops are also arranged as per need of certain area or industrial sector. Recently such seminar on "Benzene Poisoning in Diamond Industry" for diamond polishing industries of Surat was arranged. Also to detect the cases of byssionosis which is caused by cotton dust in textile industries, a seminar was arranged with the help of N. I. O. H; Ahmedabad.

Hosting website focusing on industrial safety & health & Disaster Management

In May 2002 website of Labour & Employment Department was hosted ( ( http://www.labourandemployment.gov.in )As a part of it, huge data under Factory Wing was placed through http://www.labourandemployment.gov.in/LC/factory/index.htm web link. The web link for Factory Wing provides rich material on Industrial Safety, Health and Disaster Management along with multi utility details of related institutes, related websites, legal provisions and contact details. MSDS of no.of chemicals and all full text of related legislations, forms, formats are made available through the site. The Gujarat Factory Rules, 1963 is made available on net only by Gujarat State. On the whole, the site is leading to global knowledge to all client groups to facilitate our industrial growth mission. Gujarat was one of the few states having web site for Labour and Employment Department that time and amongst the hosted sites of other states the above said site is outstanding even today.

Public participation schemes implemented for promotion of safety and health related
   activities


Best and efficient implementation of laws can never be done without maximum participation of public. Only Govt. machinery is never sufficient for such mission. Hence for creating better safety awareness and as an attempt to build a decent safety culture, a planned effort was made during 2005-2006 to engage different NGOs to come forward and carry activities of safety training in factories, publicity of safety massage through media advertising, publications and hosting websites exclusively for industrial safety.

For the first time Govt. aided fund was allotted this year for safety promotional activities to several NGOs, through Director, Industrial Safety & Health.

Under this promotional Grant in aid scheme NGOs working in the relevant field of safety, health and environment protection were selected by transparent screening process and through them for the first time following very useful projects carried out.

Creation of website on Safety in Chemical Industries
Creation of website on Safety in Nonchemical Industries
Training programs for industrial workers by NGOs.
Propagation of safety massage through advertising in film theaters, local T.V channels, and    publications.
Publishing booklets, pamphlets and hand bills etc for safety and health messages.
Converting old 16 mm films in digital form.
Purchasing safety films and database cds useful for workers training.

Out of the fund allotted to D.I.S.H. for safety promotional activities and modernization of offices following main projects are undertaken

Data collection for development of data base software on Industrial Disaster Management    Information System.
Training to all inspecting officers under D.I.S.H.
Purchase of 8 fax and 8 Xerox machines
Purchase of technical books for updation of safety and health knowledge.
Purchase of library furniture


Safety and Disaster management campaign organised throughout the State

Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Government of Gujarat, aims not only for regulation of labours in factories but to minimize the industrial disaster by way of reducing the accidents. Gujarat State has highest number of MAH installations in the country. Appreciably, Gujarat is the first state to have classified all the chemical industries as per the gravity of hazards. The Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Gujarat State also has the credit of being the pioneer in the preparation of off-site Emergency plans and off site control room under the chairmanship of the respective District Collectors. Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health enforces the Factories Act and other Safety Laws. Directorate aims to uplift the Health and Safety standards of the employees by way of enforcement and awareness programs. As part the said aim, unique campaign named "Disaster Management Awareness Campaign" was launched in Gujarat State. This is the unique and first time effort by the Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health, Government of Gujarat. This Campaign was launched jointly with Prajapita Bramhakumari Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya - Scientists & Engineers wing & Gujarat Safety Council. This campaign was started from Valsad on 31st August 2005 & summarized at Ahmedabad on 18th September 2005 with following objectives

To educate regarding different disasters and their ill effects.
To create public awareness to combat disasters to reduce damages.
To initiate co-ordination of scientific & spiritual knowledge for effective & better disaster    management.
To improve quality of human life through mental peace.
To increase public participation for disaster management.

Campaign was very successful and total 111 programs were held in total 19 districts and total participant were 16545. At the last day i.e. on 18/09/2005 in summarizing ceremony total 475 participants took part. In all above programmes, participants were from middle managements and top managements of various industries.

See complete report
See power point presentation

Hazardous Substance Emergency Event Surveillance pilot project

D.I.S.H. Gujarat State has successfully coordinated during 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 for implementing Hazardous Substance Emergency Event Surveillance, which is a total USA aid project. The project was started with the following goal and objectives.

Goal of the project :

The primary purpose of this pilot project program is to build capacity in state departments to develop and maintain a state-based surveillance system for monitoring acute releases of hazardous substances and conducting appropriate prevention activities. The goal of this surveillance system is to provide data that can be used to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from hazardous substances emergencies. Reductions in morbidity and mortality should occur in first responders, employees, and the general public.

Objectives of the project :
To describe the distribution of hazardous substances emergencies within Gujarat State
To describe the type and cause of morbidity and mortality experienced by employees, responders,
   and the general public as a result of selected hazardous substances emergencies.
Analyze and describe risk factors associated with the morbidity and mortality; and
Develop and propose strategies to reduce subsequent morbidity and mortality when comparable
  events occur in the future.

Methods:

The surveillance system is predicated on the ability of state agencies to document the total number of hazardous substances emergencies that occur within the state. Once the mandated state agency is notified, a means must exist to notify the concerned state department of the event .Once the acute release of a hazardous substance is reported the details will be recorded by data collection officers and the data will be fed to the database software, online. Initially one officer from N.I.O.H and one from Directorate Industrial Safety & Health were sent to Atlanta USA for training, at complete cost of USA Govt. For the purpose of prompt data collection and data flow, 4 retired officers from Directorate Industrial Safety & Health are appointed as data coordinators. They are given responsibility of time bound data collection within the region for which their appointment is made. They are provided with required facilities of computer system, internet connectivity etc. The components of the surveillance system consist of: 1) data collection, 2) data management, 3) data analysis, and 4) regular dissemination of reports to promote strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Work done:

The project initially was for one year but on successful execution for one year it has been extended for one more year till August-2006. Till 15th April 2006 total 164 emergency events occurred due to hazardous substances, were recorded. The analytical outcome report for entire pilot project period will be derived for its utility to the state.

Safety audits in the Factories

(1). An occupier shall not undertake any industrial activity or isolated storage unless he has prepared a safety reports on that industrial activity containing the information specified in schedule 7 and has sent a copy of that report to the Chief Inspector at least ninety days before commencing that activity.

(2). Occupier of the chemical factories shall make arrangement for carrying out safety audit in the chemical factories about hazards from accredited agencies like Loss prevention association, Gujarat Safety Council, National Safety Council, Engineers India Ltd. is carried out.
Such auditing shall be carried as under:-

internally once in a year by a team of suitable plant personnel;
externally once in two years by a competent agency accredited in this behalf;
In the year when an external audit is carried out, internal audit need not be carried out.

(3) The occupier, within thirty days of the completion of the audit, shall send a report to the
Chief Inspector with respect to the implementation of the audit recommendation.

Mutual Aid Scheme within hazardous chemical industries

Mutual aid scheme has been introduced by the department to make use of common Fire fighting Facilities, self breathing apparatus, chlorine kits, etc. in case of fire, explosion, toxic gas releases in the factories in the various industrial estate

Safety Committee

Safety committee comprising of representatives of workers and management have been formed in the Chemical Factories having hazardous chemicals and processes. Such committee because of their constitution is a strong link between factory management, workers and inspection authority. The issues regarding Health and Safety are discussed in regular meetings of such committees, and are then discussed with authority during site visit.


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