Taken and Efforts made by DISH, Gujarat State, L & E Dept.
Govt. of Gujarat for Improvement in Industrial Safety, Health
and Disaster Management
Identification of hazardous chemical factories
Gujarat is the only state where in all registered chemical
factories have been identified and categorized in various
hazard classes, by Directorate Industrial Safety and Health.
Considering their hazard potential. Major Accident Hazard
(MAH) factories are identified as per standard norms of related
law. Gujarat state is having highest total 497 MAH Class factories
which amounts 30 % of MAH factories in India. Chemical factories
having off site hazard but do not fall within MAH criteria
are identified as A class hazardous factories.
At present there are 858 A class factories in
Gujarat state. Chemical factories having only onsite hazard
like fire or toxicity are classified as B class
hazardous factories. Also chemical factories having minor
hazard potential due to chemicals are classified and identified
as C class hazardous factories. At present in
Gujarat state, 3204 B +C class hazardous
chemical factories are identified. Gujarat is having total
30310 factories registered under the Factories Act ( employing
directly 940567 Workers ) out of which total 4559 (15%) are
hazardous chemical factories.
Thus due care is taken for the most vital requirement of monitoring
Hazardous Chemical factories for implementation regarding
safety and health provisions of the Factories Act and Rules
Special inspection norms for hazardous chemical factories
In order to assure safe working of hazardous chemical factories,
through proper monitoring, special norms for uninspected are
fixed so that hazardous chemical factories may not be left
unattended. All MAH factories are inspected thrice
in a Year, twice by concerned inspecting officer (once in
Six months) and once under supervision and guidance of Jt.
Director of the region (Regional Head). All A
Class hazardous chemical factories are inspected twice in
year- once in each Six months, by concerned officer. All B
and C class hazardous chemical factories are inspected
at least once in a year. Also Assistant Director Industrial
Safety & Health-Chemical (Chemical Inspector of Factories)
inspects selected factories to provide expert guidance. The
hazardous chemical factories are excluded from self-certification
scheme as far as safety is concerned so that such industries
do not remain uninspected and unattended.
Also in order to have highest standard of implementation of
safety laws in all registered factories, new norms for inspection
is now in force, according to which around 75 % inspections
are required to be carried out only for safety.
Accident prevention by better implementation of safety laws
reduction is the prime target of Directorate Industrial
Safety & Health: Highest stress is given for better
safety in industries. Alongwith enforcement of the
Factories Act and rules thereunder, constant attempts
are made to create better awareness for safety amongst
factory managements and workers. Due to efforts put
in, nonfatal accidents in industries have constantly
reduced. As per the statistics of no. of registered
factories and no. of nonfatal accidents during decade
of 1995 to 2005, registered factories is increased
gradually by 35 %, where as no. of nonfatal reportable
accidents in industries have reduced gradually by
52% as shown in following graph.
Inspection of plant
and machinery by out side expert agency
To ensure the safety of the worker working in the
factories and the public living in the vicinity, it
is required to ensure that factory structure is maintained
in safe and stable condition. and all pressure vessels,
plants, lifting machines and dangerous machines are
maintained in safe condition. For this purpose, it
is required to examine and test building, plant and
such machines by well qualified, experienced competent
persons. Such competent persons which are an outside
agencies , have been declared after examining their
competencies, by certificates after examination and
testing of Director
Industrial Safety and Health under the Gujarat Factories
Rules. These competent persons issue certifications,
for building and plants stabilities, dangerous machines,
pressure vessels and plants, hoists and lifts, lifting
machines, ventilation system and confined space of
ship in ship breaking industries. Relevant certificates
are issued by such competent persons, after due testing
as per legal and technical standards. Numbers of competent
persons declared by Director Industrial Safety &
Health, under various provisions are as follows.
of testing and certification for
of competent persons declared
certificate of plant and building
competent pesons declared in 05-06
and public awareness for safety & health
There are 25 districts in Gujarat state. As required
by Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness
and response) Rules, 1996, a three tire disaster management
mechanism is set up. For this State Crisis Group is
set up at state level. District Crisis Groups are
set up at all the 25 districts under the chairmanship
of District Collectors. Also considering the industrial
hazard potential, different hazard prone pockets are
identified in each district and Local Crisis Groups
are setup for all such local area pockets.
Only of 25 Districts , 22 districts have Major Accident
Hazard (MAH) factories and remaining 3 districts have
no MAH factories. Off-Site Emergency Plans are prepared
for all Districts. Off Site Emergency Plans are rehearsed
every year in the 22 districts having MAH factories.
Such Off-Site Emergency Plans are updated every year.
There are 497 MAH factories in the State. All MAH
units in the state have prepared On-Site Emergency
Plans. All MAH units carry out rehearsals of
these on-site emergency plans and their emergency
plans are updated regularly. Training programs are
also arranged for supervisors and workers in MAH factories
and other hazardous chemical factories.
Appointment of Safety Officer is made compulsory for
MAH units employing 100 or more workers by notification
no. KHR/2003/57/FAC/2003/M (3) dated 28th May 2004.
Safety officers are the nodal officers between govt.
and factory management and also important tool for
better implementation regarding safety and health.
Hence due to this amendment, safety officers are being
employed by concerned MAH
Government has spent of Rs. 30, 90,000 in the year
2005 - 06 to arrange for creating supportive infrastructure
facilities and various types of training to industrial
workers, and to impart knowledge of modern technology
for safety & health for the following purposes
Prevention of accidents
in chemical and other industries
Increase awareness among the public, the occupiers
of the factories, and the workers
Utilization of modern I T technology for safety
Providing vehicle on rent to Inspector to reach
immediately at the place of accident Purchasing
equipments required for better implementation of safety
Encouraging efforts by State Govt. to recognise more
institutes to run specialized training courses
State Govt. has always put in efforts to promote institutes
and large industries to start recognized specialized
training courses, as is required for safety officers,
factory medical officers and supervisors. Due to such
efforts at many places in Gujarat various educational
training courses are now running. The details of Diploma
in Industrial Safety Course, Qualified Supervisor
Course, and Master of Industrial Hygiene Course being
conducted at present is as under
Name of Institute/Unit
Type of Course
No. of Seats
Mahatma Gandhi Labour
1 year full time DIS Course
Gujarat Safety Council
2 year part time DIS Course
Gujarat Narmada Fertiliser
2 year part time DIS Course
2 year part time DIS Course
Reliance Industries Ltd.
2 year part time DIS Course
Vapi Industrial Association
2 year part time DIS Course
Reliance Industries Ltd.
2 year part time DIS Course
Course for Qualified Supervisors as required under
GFR 68S, FA Sec 41C(b)
Reliance Industries Ltd.
As approved by DGFSALI
of Industrial Hygiene and Safety
as per Sec 40(B) of Factories Act
B.V.M Engineering College
2 Year fulltime, only
courses in India in collaboration with Cincinnati
Certificate Course for Doctors
The course was conducted to enable the doctors-
and manage the industrial injuries caused by chemical
toxication, in general and in
hazardous process industries in
To suggest measures
about prevention and control of such occupational
To advise, supervise
and participate in the national occupational health
programmes for the
protection of industrial workers, for
improving national productivity and national prosperity.
course "Certificate Course for Doctors in Industrial
Heath" (as per requirement
of provisions in the Factories Act,
1948 & Rules made there under) has been made
active support and cooperation of coordinating
institutes, namely National Institute of Occupational
Health, Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute Ahmedabad
and Industrial Hygiene
Laboratory i.e. Director Industrial
Safety & Health .
Till now 61
Doctors have been awarded the certificate in this
Projects for specific problems of Occupational Health
Safety and health of the industrial workers is prime
requirement in the present scenario of industrial development.
Medical camps and surveys have been arranged with
the help of National Institute of Occupational
Health, Ahmedabad for workers working in the asbestoses
and salt industries.
safe guard the health of home-based workers doing
grinding of Akik at khambhat, the present design
of machinery for dust collection is modified with
the help of N.I.O.H. It has increased efficiency
of machines and reduced the dust exposure considerably.
The workers engaged in Akik industries have been
given safety equipments like goggles, earmuffs, dust
masks, etc. free of cost to maintain safety standard.
All Working quartz crushing industries in GODHARA
have installed dust collection systems now.
Government has allotted of Rs. 40,000,00 to N.I.O.H.
for carrying out surveys regarding occupational
diseases in the industrial workers. The work
is in progress.
Implementation of Shram Awards Scheme of Govt. of
Initially, Wide Labour
and Employment notification dated 4-2-84, State
of Gujarat has introduced a scheme to encourage
& recognise innovative work done by industrial
workman in the field of production, productivity,
Industrial peace, presence of mind, & steps
taken by the workman to save the life and limbs
of fellow workers & property of the public at
large , of the affected area in the event of any
calamity/emergency and also any special work done
for the welfare of worker. The scheme was implemented
by Factory Wing of Labour & Employment Dept.
Initially Rs. 1,83,000 were available for Shram
Award scheme for 16 awards for every year. The scheme
is revised in 2005.
The revised scheme for Shram Awards of Gujarat
State is as follow
Name of State Shram Award
Prize of each Award Rs.
cash prize Rs.
Shram Shri/Shram Devi”
The total price of Sharm
Awards is raised to Rs.2,20,000 by notification
no: shram/2004/4061/M(3) dated 25th April 2005 Provision
is also made to give memento of upto Rs. 20,000
to award winners.
Safety of Construction workers
The implementation of 'Building and Other
Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and
Conditions of Service) Act, 1996' and rules made
their under is enthrusted to The Directorate Industrial
Safety & Health. Gujarat is the only state where
in The Directorate Industrial Safety & Health
is the implementing authority under the Act. Where
as in other states labour wing of labour department
is the implementing authority under this Act.
The implementation of the Act is started from June
Organizing of safety conference and safety seminars
Industrial development in the Gujarat State
is more than any other State of the country. In
order to improve safety standards in factories,
training of owners, management personnels, technicians,
supervisors and workers is most essential. Throughout
the year many safety programs, workshops and seminars
are arranged in different factories and industrial
Over and above, every year 4th march is celebrated
as "National Safety Day" and a week starting
from this date is celebrated as safety week. During
this period number of safety programs, safety workshops,
competition related to safety, like safety slogans,
essays, paintings, etc. are arranged in various
factories and industrial pockets throughout the
state. Officers of Directorate Industrial Safety
& Health initiate, motivate and monitor all
the activities mentioned above.
State level safety conference is organised every
year in coordination with Gujarat Safety Council
In this conference, occupiers and managerial staffs,
safety officers, supervisors and workers representatives
participate and are benefited by this conference.
Special seminars and workshops are also arranged
as per need of certain area or industrial sector.
Recently such seminar on "Benzene Poisoning
in Diamond Industry" for diamond polishing
industries of Surat was arranged. Also to detect
the cases of byssionosis which is caused by cotton
dust in textile industries, a seminar was arranged
with the help of N. I. O. H; Ahmedabad.
Hosting website focusing on industrial safety &
health & Disaster Management
In May 2002 website of Labour & Employment Department
was hosted (
)As a part of it, huge data under Factory Wing was
placed through http://www.labourandemployment.gov.in/LC/factory/index.htm
web link. The web link for Factory Wing provides
rich material on Industrial Safety, Health and Disaster
Management along with multi utility details of related
institutes, related websites, legal provisions and
contact details. MSDS of no.of chemicals and all
full text of related legislations, forms, formats
are made available through the site. The Gujarat
Factory Rules, 1963 is made available on net only
by Gujarat State. On the whole, the site is leading
to global knowledge to all client groups to facilitate
our industrial growth mission. Gujarat was one of
the few states having web site for Labour and Employment
Department that time and amongst the hosted sites
of other states the above said site is outstanding
Public participation schemes implemented for promotion
of safety and health related
Best and efficient implementation of laws can never
be done without maximum participation of public.
Only Govt. machinery is never sufficient for such
mission. Hence for creating better safety awareness
and as an attempt to build a decent safety culture,
a planned effort was made during 2005-2006 to engage
different NGOs to come forward and carry activities
of safety training in factories, publicity of safety
massage through media advertising, publications
and hosting websites exclusively for industrial
For the first time Govt. aided fund was allotted
this year for safety promotional activities to several
NGOs, through Director, Industrial Safety &
Under this promotional Grant in aid scheme NGOs
working in the relevant field of safety, health
and environment protection were selected by transparent
screening process and through them for the first
time following very useful projects carried out.
website on Safety in Chemical Industries
website on Safety in Nonchemical Industries
for industrial workers by NGOs.
of safety massage through advertising in film theaters,
local T.V channels, and publications.
pamphlets and hand bills etc for safety and health
16 mm films in digital form.
films and database cds useful for workers training.
Out of the fund allotted to D.I.S.H. for safety
promotional activities and modernization of offices
following main projects are undertaken
for development of data base software on Industrial
Disaster Management Information
all inspecting officers under D.I.S.H.
8 fax and 8 Xerox machines
technical books for updation of safety and health
Safety and Disaster management campaign organised
throughout the State
Directorate of Industrial
Safety and Health, Government of Gujarat, aims not
only for regulation of labours in factories but
to minimize the industrial disaster by way of reducing
the accidents. Gujarat State has highest number
of MAH installations in the country. Appreciably,
Gujarat is the first state to have classified all
the chemical industries as per the gravity of hazards.
The Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health,
Gujarat State also has the credit of being the pioneer
in the preparation of off-site Emergency plans and
off site control room under the chairmanship of
the respective District Collectors. Directorate
of Industrial Safety and Health enforces the Factories
Act and other Safety Laws. Directorate aims to uplift
the Health and Safety standards of the employees
by way of enforcement and awareness programs. As
part the said aim, unique campaign named "Disaster
Management Awareness Campaign" was launched
in Gujarat State. This is the unique and first time
effort by the Directorate of Industrial Safety &
Health, Government of Gujarat. This Campaign was
launched jointly with Prajapita Bramhakumari Ishwariya
Vishwa Vidyalaya - Scientists & Engineers wing
& Gujarat Safety Council. This campaign was
started from Valsad on 31st August 2005 & summarized
at Ahmedabad on 18th September 2005 with following
To educate regarding different disasters and their
Hazardous Substance Emergency Event Surveillance
To create public awareness to combat disasters
to reduce damages.
To initiate co-ordination of scientific &
spiritual knowledge for effective & better
To improve quality of human life through mental
To increase public participation for disaster
Campaign was very successful and total 111 programs
were held in total 19 districts and total participant
were 16545. At the last day i.e. on 18/09/2005
in summarizing ceremony total 475 participants
took part. In all above programmes, participants
were from middle managements and top managements
of various industries.
power point presentation
D.I.S.H. Gujarat State has successfully coordinated
during 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 for implementing
Hazardous Substance Emergency Event Surveillance,
which is a total USA aid project. The project was
started with the following goal and objectives.
of the project :
Safety audits in the Factories
The primary purpose of this pilot project program
is to build capacity in state departments to develop
and maintain a state-based surveillance system
for monitoring acute releases of hazardous substances
and conducting appropriate prevention activities.
The goal of this surveillance system is to provide
data that can be used to reduce the morbidity
and mortality resulting from hazardous substances
emergencies. Reductions in morbidity and mortality
should occur in first responders, employees, and
the general public.
Objectives of the project :
To describe the distribution of hazardous substances
emergencies within Gujarat State
To describe the type and cause of morbidity and
mortality experienced by employees, responders,
and the general public as a result
of selected hazardous substances emergencies.
Analyze and describe risk factors associated with
the morbidity and mortality; and
Develop and propose strategies to reduce subsequent
morbidity and mortality when comparable
events occur in the future.
The surveillance system is predicated on the ability
of state agencies to document the total number
of hazardous substances emergencies that occur
within the state. Once the mandated state agency
is notified, a means must exist to notify the
concerned state department of the event .Once
the acute release of a hazardous substance is
reported the details will be recorded by data
collection officers and the data will be fed to
the database software, online. Initially one officer
from N.I.O.H and one from Directorate Industrial
Safety & Health were sent to Atlanta USA for
training, at complete cost of USA Govt. For the
purpose of prompt data collection and data flow,
4 retired officers from Directorate Industrial
Safety & Health are appointed as data coordinators.
They are given responsibility of time bound data
collection within the region for which their appointment
is made. They are provided with required facilities
of computer system, internet connectivity etc.
The components of the surveillance system consist
of: 1) data collection, 2) data management, 3)
data analysis, and 4) regular dissemination of
reports to promote strategies to reduce morbidity
The project initially was for one year but on
successful execution for one year it has been
extended for one more year till August-2006. Till
15th April 2006 total 164 emergency events occurred
due to hazardous substances, were recorded. The
analytical outcome report for entire pilot project
period will be derived for its utility to the
(1). An occupier
shall not undertake any industrial activity or isolated
storage unless he has prepared a safety reports
on that industrial activity containing the information
specified in schedule 7 and has sent a copy of that
report to the Chief Inspector at least ninety days
before commencing that activity.
(2). Occupier of the chemical factories shall
make arrangement for carrying out safety audit in
the chemical factories about hazards from accredited
agencies like Loss prevention association, Gujarat
Safety Council, National Safety Council, Engineers
India Ltd. is carried out.
Such auditing shall be carried as under:-
internally once in a year by a team of suitable
externally once in two years by a competent agency
accredited in this behalf;
In the year when an external audit is carried out,
internal audit need not be carried out.
(3) The occupier, within thirty days of
the completion of the audit, shall send a report
Mutual Aid Scheme within hazardous chemical
Chief Inspector with respect to the implementation
of the audit recommendation.
aid scheme has been introduced by the department
to make use of common Fire fighting Facilities,
self breathing apparatus, chlorine kits, etc. in
case of fire, explosion, toxic gas releases in the
factories in the various industrial estate
committee comprising of representatives of workers
and management have been formed in the Chemical
Factories having hazardous chemicals and processes.
Such committee because of their constitution is
a strong link between factory management, workers
and inspection authority. The issues regarding Health
and Safety are discussed in regular meetings of
such committees, and are then discussed with authority
during site visit.