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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management


Gujarat is industrially the second most advanced state in the country, largely because of availability of natural oil and gas in the state and other natural resources. Gujarat has been recognized as one of the most important chemical center of India. It tops the country with maximum number of chemical industries in the State. This factor has resulted in the concentration of many major, medium and small scale units manufacturing and processing various types of chemicals, fertilizers & petrochemicals, dyestuffs, paints, pesticides, insecticides, manmade fibers, drugs and pharmaceuticals, etc. Development of chemical industry in the State is a matter of pride but cannot be forgotten the hazards and threats posed by them to the environment.

The latest amendment of Factories Act in 1987 and the Gujarat Factories Rules in 1995 can be considered as the most eventful and exhaustive especially in term of safety, health, fire control, environmental protection creation of public awareness, emergency/disaster management plans etc. Obviously serious incidents like the Bhopal tragedy of December 1984 brought out the dire need for the total rework of the existing legislation applicable to industries in general and chemical units in particular.

After Bhopal disaster in Dec. 1984 the Govt. of India took series of steps for disaster management.

I.L.O. Geneva made an offer to Govt. of India and subsequently visited India in April 1985. The objective was to identify and advise the Govt. on priorities for Disaster management.
Many committees had been appointed by the Central Government and they have submitted the reports and had stressed the need of amendments in acts and to constitute the disaster management system.

On the above basis following acts and rules were enacted
or amended by the Government.

The Environment Protection Act, 1986.
Manufacture, Storage and Import of hazardous chemicals rules, 1989.
Manufacture, Storage and Import of hazardous chemicals rules, 1994(amendment).
Amendment in Factories Act 1948 IN December, 1987.
Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards rules, 1990.
Amendment in Gujarat Factories rules 1963 in February, 1995.
The Chemical Accidents (Emergency planning, Preparedness, and Response) Rules, 1996.
All the above acts and rules provide following requirements
for the disaster management.

Identification of the major accident hazardous units based on inventory of hazardous chemicals and to take adequate steps to prevent major accidents.
Preparation of on-site emergency plan by factories involving hazardous process.
Preparation of off-site emergency plan by District Authority.
Preparation and submission of written report in Schedule-7 and Safety Report.
Constitution of Crisis alert system.
Constitution of Central, State, District, and Local crisis groups

Government of Gujarat had taken following actions.

Identified all chemical factories in FOUR categories first time in India, i.e. MAH, A, B, and C, type.
Identified all the MAH Factories in the state.
(There are 416 MAH units in the state.)
Formation of specialized team for inspection of MAH units and inspections are carried out by them regularly.
MAH units of the Gujarat state are also inspected by chemical inspector of factories, Gujarat state.
Constituted DCPC i.e. District Contingency Planning Committee, under the chairmanship of District Collector and Factory Inspector as member secretary.
Prepared off-site emergency plans in most of the districts.
Off-site emergency rehearsals have been conducted in most of the district.
Constituted district crisis group each district under a chairmanship of District Collector and Factory Inspector as a member secretary.
Constituted local crisis group in each industrial pocket under a chairmanship of Sub-divisional Magistrate/District Emergency Authority and Factory Inspector as a member secretary.
Received up dated on-site emergency plan from all MAH units in the state
The MAH units are carrying out on-site emergency plan rehearsals.

Structure of crisis Management set up

Details of District Crisis Groups and Local Crisis groups -Gujarat State.
Sr.No. District Head quarters  of district Crisis Groups Local Crisis Group
1 Ahmedabad Ahmedabad 1) Vatva,Narol  
   2) Naroda
   3) Odhav
   4) Sanand
   5) Dholka, Dhandhuka
   6) Viramgam
Gandhinagar 1) Gandhinagar
  2) Kalol
Mehsana 1) Mehsana
  2) Kadi
  3) Visnagar
Himattnagar 1) Himattnagar
Patan 1) Siddhpur
Nadiad 1) Matar
Anand 1) Khambhat
Vadodara 1) Nadesari
  2) Ekalbara,Karkhadi,Padra
   3) Manjusar-savli
  4) Vaghodia
  5) Makarpura,Por,Karjan
Bharuch 1) Bharuch
  2) Ankelshwar
   3) Zagadia
  4) Dahej
Surat 1) Udhana
  2 Sachin
  3) Pandesara
  4) Rajira
Valsad 1) Vapi-Sarigam
  2) Atul
Navsari 1) Navsari
Godhara 1) Godhara-Kalol
  2) Halol-Ghoghamba
Jamnagar 1) Dwarka
I) Junagadha
Junagadha 1) Veraval
ii) Amreli
Amreli --
iii) Porbandar
Porbandar --
Rajkot 1) Rajkot
  2) Gondal
  3) Jetpur
  4) Morbi-Vakaner
Surendranagar 1) Dhagdhara
  2) Limdi
Bhavnagar 1) Bhavnagar
  2) Mahuva
Bhuj 1) Anjar

Note :Not required to form Disrict Crisis Groups in districts of Banaskantha, Narmada, Dahod, and Dang. As there are no MAH Factories in these districts.

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