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Crisis Groups For Disaster Management
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CRISIS GROUPS FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Gujarat is industrially the second most advanced state in the country, largely because of availability of natural oil and gas in the state and other natural resources. Gujarat has been recognized as one of the most important chemical center of India. It tops the country with maximum number of chemical industries in the State. This factor has resulted in the concentration of many major, medium and small scale units manufacturing and processing various types of chemicals, fertilizers & petrochemicals, dyestuffs, paints, pesticides, insecticides, manmade fibers, drugs and pharmaceuticals, etc. Development of chemical industry in the State is a matter of pride but cannot be forgotten the hazards and threats posed by them to the environment.

The latest amendment of Factories Act in 1987 and the Gujarat Factories Rules in 1995 can be considered as the most eventful and exhaustive especially in term of safety, health, fire control, environmental protection creation of public awareness, emergency/disaster management plans etc. Obviously serious incidents like the Bhopal tragedy of December 1984 brought out the dire need for the total rework of the existing legislation applicable to industries in general and chemical units in particular.

After Bhopal disaster in Dec. 1984 the Govt. of India took series of steps for disaster management.

I.L.O. Geneva made an offer to Govt. of India and subsequently visited India in April 1985. The objective was to identify and advise the Govt. on priorities for Disaster management.
Many committees had been appointed by the Central Government and they have submitted the reports and had stressed the need of amendments in acts and to constitute the disaster management system.

On the above basis following acts and rules were enacted
or amended by the Government.

The Environment Protection Act, 1986.
Manufacture, Storage and Import of hazardous chemicals rules, 1989.
Manufacture, Storage and Import of hazardous chemicals rules, 1994(amendment).
Amendment in Factories Act 1948 IN December, 1987.
Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards rules, 1990.
Amendment in Gujarat Factories rules 1963 in February, 1995.
The Chemical Accidents (Emergency planning, Preparedness, and Response) Rules, 1996.
 
All the above acts and rules provide following requirements
for the disaster management.

Identification of the major accident hazardous units based on inventory of hazardous chemicals and to take adequate steps to prevent major accidents.
Preparation of on-site emergency plan by factories involving hazardous process.
Preparation of off-site emergency plan by District Authority.
Preparation and submission of written report in Schedule-7 and Safety Report.
Constitution of Crisis alert system.
Constitution of Central, State, District, and Local crisis groups

Government of Gujarat had taken following actions.

Identified all chemical factories in FOUR categories first time in India, i.e. MAH, A, B, and C, type.
Identified all the MAH Factories in the state.
(There are 416 MAH units in the state.)
Formation of specialized team for inspection of MAH units and inspections are carried out by them regularly.
MAH units of the Gujarat state are also inspected by chemical inspector of factories, Gujarat state.
Constituted DCPC i.e. District Contingency Planning Committee, under the chairmanship of District Collector and Factory Inspector as member secretary.
Prepared off-site emergency plans in most of the districts.
Off-site emergency rehearsals have been conducted in most of the district.
Constituted district crisis group each district under a chairmanship of District Collector and Factory Inspector as a member secretary.
Constituted local crisis group in each industrial pocket under a chairmanship of Sub-divisional Magistrate/District Emergency Authority and Factory Inspector as a member secretary.
Received up dated on-site emergency plan from all MAH units in the state
The MAH units are carrying out on-site emergency plan rehearsals.

Structure of crisis Management set up


Details of District Crisis Groups and Local Crisis groups -Gujarat State.
Sr.No. District Head quarters  of district Crisis Groups Local Crisis Group
1 Ahmedabad Ahmedabad 1) Vatva,Narol  
  
   
   2) Naroda
  
   
   3) Odhav
  
   
   4) Sanand
  
   
   5) Dholka, Dhandhuka
  
   
   6) Viramgam
2
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar 1) Gandhinagar
  
 
  2) Kalol
3
Mehsana
Mehsana 1) Mehsana
  
 
  2) Kadi
  
 
  3) Visnagar
4
Sabarkatha
Himattnagar 1) Himattnagar
5
Patan
Patan 1) Siddhpur
6
Kheda
Nadiad 1) Matar
7
Anand
Anand 1) Khambhat
8
Vadodara
Vadodara 1) Nadesari
 
 
  2) Ekalbara,Karkhadi,Padra
 
 
   3) Manjusar-savli
 
 
  4) Vaghodia
  
 
  5) Makarpura,Por,Karjan
9
Bharuch
Bharuch 1) Bharuch
 
 
  2) Ankelshwar
 
 
   3) Zagadia
 
 
  4) Dahej
10
Surat
Surat 1) Udhana
 
 
  2 Sachin
 
 
  3) Pandesara
 
 
  4) Rajira
11
Valsad
Valsad 1) Vapi-Sarigam
 
 
  2) Atul
12
Navsari
Navsari 1) Navsari
13
Panchmahal
Godhara 1) Godhara-Kalol
 
 
  2) Halol-Ghoghamba
14
Jamnagar
Jamnagar 1) Dwarka
15
I) Junagadha
Junagadha 1) Veraval
 
ii) Amreli
Amreli --
 
iii) Porbandar
Porbandar --
16
Rajkot
Rajkot 1) Rajkot
 
 
  2) Gondal
 
 
  3) Jetpur
 
 
  4) Morbi-Vakaner
17
Surendranagar
Surendranagar 1) Dhagdhara
 
 
  2) Limdi
18
Bhavnagar
Bhavnagar 1) Bhavnagar
 
 
  2) Mahuva
19
Kutch-Bhuj
Bhuj 1) Anjar
 

Note :Not required to form Disrict Crisis Groups in districts of Banaskantha, Narmada, Dahod, and Dang. As there are no MAH Factories in these districts.

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